Published: Wed, July 17, 2019
Global Media | By Garry Long

Trump moves to end asylum protections for migrants 'taking advantage' of US

Trump moves to end asylum protections for migrants 'taking advantage' of US

But sometimes migrants from Africa, Cuba or Haiti and other countries try to come through the U.S. -Mexico border, as well.

Oscar Ponce, a 48-year-old bus driver from Honduras who was waiting in a Mexican border town to cross into the USA, said he wanted to apply for asylum legally.

What is the new rule?

The rule governs asylum claims from immigrants who enter or attempt to enter the United States across the southern border after failing to apply for protection from persecution or torture while in a third country through which they travel, such as Mexico, and is being enacted by the Departments of Justice and Homeland Security. USA law allows refugees to request asylum when they arrive in the U.S. regardless of how they did so, but there is an exception for those who have come through a country considered to be "safe". It was not immediately clear how the new rule would affect MPP. It is similar to the refugee system, although US law requires refugees to apply outside the country.

Many of them are fleeing horrific violence by brutal gangs and are in need of worldwide protection.

Attorney General William Barr, left, and President Donald Trump turn to leave after speaking about the 2020 census in the Rose Garden of the White House, Thursday, July 11, 2019, in Washington.

The new rule published Monday states that anyone who has crossed through another country to get to the U.S.is ineligible for asylum.

In a statement, Attorney General William Barr noted a "dramatic increase in the number of aliens" arriving at the U.S. -Mexico border, adding that "o$3 nly a small minority of these individuals" qualifies for asylum.

Washington's malign influence has continued uninterruptedly, with the Obama administration and then-US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton backing a 2009 coup in Honduras that led to a dramatic escalation of violence in that country.

Mexico's asylum system is also now overwhelmed by a rise in requests.

"The rule, if upheld, would effectively eliminate asylum for those at the southern border", said Lee Gelernt, of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU).

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However, the Trump administration has taken the view that most newcomers from Central America are economic migrants and not genuine refugees. The Department of Homeland Security's watchdog found fetid, filthy conditions for many children. This means that even under the new asylum rules and a Safe Third Country agreement with Guatemala, the administration couldn't send fleeing Guatemalans back to their country because that would be refoulement, or a forcible return to an active danger zone, which is legally prohibited.

In 2017, according to DHS data, the three leading countries of origin for people granted asylum were China (21 percent), El Salvador (13 percent), and Guatemala (11 percent).

The vast majority of people affected by the rule are from Central America.

The US says there are exemptions to its new rule, including for migrants denied protection in a country and victims of human trafficking.

The new asylum regulation announced on Monday was also being used by the Trump administration to pressure Congress to pass stricter immigration controls.

The restriction will likely face court challenges, opening a new front in the battle over US immigration policies.

The rule is what's known as an interim final rule and will go into effect quicker than a normal federal regulation, which typically takes 60 days after first publication. It's unclear how officials will process their asylum claims under the new system.

"Due to speculation and legal proceedings admitted for processing to the Constitutional Court, a decision was made to reschedule the bilateral meeting until we know what was resolved by the court", it said in a statement.

Backlash against the rule was quick. Administration officials said the goal was to deter people from trying.

But the administration has repeatedly tried to sell the emergency argument to Congress in order to persuade it to close the alleged loopholes in asylum law (such as the 1997 Flores settlement, which requires migrant parents with kids to be released from detention within 20 days) that it claims have made America a migrant magnet.

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