Published: Thu, October 04, 2018
Global Media | By Garry Long

Trump administration terminates 1955 treaty with Iran after United Nations court ruling

Trump administration terminates 1955 treaty with Iran after United Nations court ruling

The impetus for the United States tearing up the treaty was a decision earlier Wednesday in the International Court of Justice, which ordered the Trump administration to lift some sanctions on Iran.

The United States on Wednesday called an worldwide court ruling against its Iran sanctions a defeat for Tehran as it terminated a 1955 treaty on which the case was based.

Pompeo said Iran had brought a "meritless case" to the ICJ, alleging violations of the 1955 pact, and he suggested Iran wants to challenge the USA decision to pull out of the nuclear deal.

Pompeo said that Iran was abusing the International Court of Justice for political and propaganda purposes.

The court order issued on Wednesday is temporary pending a resolution of Iran's full lawsuit against Washington by the ICJ, something that could take years.

"The court denied Iran's attempt to secure broad measures to interfere with USA sanctions and rightly noted Iran's history of non-compliance with its worldwide obligations under the treaty of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons", he said.

The US' response? We will just pull out of the agreement which the Court's ruling was based on.

It further called on both countries to "refrain from any action which might aggravate or extend the dispute before the court or make it more hard to resolve". Its rulings are binding, but it has no power to enforce them, and the United States and Iran are both among a handful of countries that has ignored its decisions.

Pompeo said the United States had already taken steps to ensure that the sanctions, which it intends to tighten next month, do not impact humanitarian aid - regardless of the court's ruling.

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In May, U.S. President Donald Trump unilaterally withdrew Washington from a 2015 landmark nuclear deal between Iran and the P5+1 group of nations - the five permanent UN Security Council members plus Germany. The Trump Administration has systematically ripped up standing agreements as it pursues a strategy of confrontation in the Middle East.

The judgement comes as a moral victory for Iran's President Hassan Rouhani, who had accused the USA of being violative of the 1955 treaty of Amity between the two nations.

The treaty was signed when the US and Iran were still allies following the 1953 revolution - fomented by Britain and the USA - that ultimately cemented the rule of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.

But many - including Iranian surgeon Hamidreza Vafayi - say that the refusal of global banks to work with Iran has cut off the country's ability to obtain critical supplies.

"This marked a useful point for us to demonstrate the absolute absurdity" of the treaty, he said.

Trump and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani faced off at the United Nations in September, with Rouhani denouncing leaders with "xenophobic tendencies resembling a Nazi disposition".

He cited a case brought to the court by the "so-called state of Palestine" challenging the move of the U.S. Embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem as the main reason for withdrawing.

The other parties to the deal - the UK, France, Germany, China and Russian Federation - have pledged to abide by their commitments under the existing deal.

Meanwhile, the State Department has tried to rally public support against Tehran by publishing a 48-page report called "Outlaw Regime: A Chronicle of Iran's Destructive Activities", which examines Iran's support for terror groups, missile programs, illicit financial activities and other issues.

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