Published: Sat, May 26, 2018
Medicine | By Daryl Nelson

First day without death after Nipah virus confirmed in Kozhikode

First day without death after Nipah virus confirmed in Kozhikode

In the wake of the recent outbreak of the deadly Nipah virus in Kerala, Animal Husbandry Commissioner of Maharashtra, Kantilal Umap, has issued instructions to carry out checks in all the pig farms in the state.

The situation is "under control", with a Central Expert Team continuously reviewing treatment procedures, infection control practices and the availability of personal protective equipment, Sadanandan said.

So far there is no vaccine against the virus which was first identified in 1998 in Kampung Sungai Nipah, Malaysia.

The public health team constituted by Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW) has given guidelines to the hospitals for proper risk assessment and management of the Nipah Virus infection.

The Kozhikode Medical College has 136 patients and nearby Malappuram district 24 patients under observation.

Transmission of Nipah virus takes place through direct contact with infected bats or from other NiV-infected people. Intermediate hosts of this instance were found to be pigs.

Treatment options are limited mostly to supportive care. What is being seen now is that if anyone has fever, there is a panic and when a patient tests positive, neighbours and relatives of the affected also turns panicky.

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This can be followed by dizziness, drowsiness, altered consciousness, and neurological signs that indicate acute encephalitis.

Dr Sarita told reporters that the condition of the three patients who are infected with Nipah virus is stable.

"A few cases of infection by Nipah virus have been reported from Kozhikode district".

The incubation period (interval from infection to the onset of symptoms) is believed to range between from 4-14 days.

The World Health Organization issued a report on Friday warning against an outbreak of the Nipah Virus, NiV, which is transmitted from sick animals, especially fruit bats and pigs, to both humans and animals.

According to National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme, the drug ribavirin has been shown to be effective against the viruses in viro, but human investigations to date have been inconclusive and clinical usefulness of the drug remains uncertain. The virus, which is released through bats' saliva, urine and excreta, typically spreads due to bats consuming fruits on trees.

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