Published: Sun, January 07, 2018
Sci-tech | By Jackie Newman

Astronaut John Young Dead

Astronaut John Young Dead

John Young, who was one of NASA's most experienced astronauts and the first to fly in space six times, including a moon landing, died on Friday after complications from pneumonia.

Young's impressive career at NASA began in 1962 when he was selected from among hundreds of young pilots to join NASA's second astronaut class, known as the "New Nine". He flew on the first manned flight of the Gemini spacecraft in 1965 (and led a flight in 1966), traveled to the Moon twice (including a moonwalk during Apollo 16) and played a key role in the rescue of Apollo 13 by helping to stretch out its resources. During his tenure, astronaut flight crews participated in the Apollo-Soyuz joint American-Russian docking mission, the Space Shuttle Orbiter Approach and Landing Test Program, and 25 Space Shuttle missions. Young received many special awards and recognitions, including the Congressional Space Medal of Honor in 1981, and he was inducted into six aviation and astronaut halls of fame. Recipient of more than 80 other major awards, including 6 honorary doctorate degrees.

His May 1969 Apollo 10 mission served as a "dress rehearsal" for the historic Apollo 11 mission two months later in which Neil Armstrong became the first person to walk on the moon.

As mission commander, he and crewmate Charles Duke explored the moon's Descartes Highlands region, gathering 200 pounds (90 kg) of rock and soil samples and driving more than 16 miles (26 km) in the lunar rover to sites such as Spook Crater. He helped develop the training protocols for the crews that would fly the space shuttle, and was named Command Pilot for the program's maiden flight with Space Shuttle Columbia in April 1981, spending two days in space.

Astronaut John Young Dead
Astronaut John Young Dead

Twenty years later, the Columbia - the space shuttle Mr. It was the first time Nasa put men on a vehicle's initial voyage, and the earliest manned spacecraft launched by solid rocket boosters. Young was an astronaut's astronaut.

An Air Force colonel in the space program ripped Mr. An aeronautical engineer by training, he then joined NASA's management, notably in charge of selecting astronauts for the Space Shuttle.

Young's sixth flight was as Spacecraft Commander of STS-9, the first Spacelab mission, November 28-December 8, 1983, with Pilot Brewster Shaw, Mission Specialists Bob Parker and Owen Garriott, and Payload Specialists Byron Lichtenberg of the United States of America and Ulf Merbold of West Germany. He retired from NASA in 2004 after 42 years, the longest tenure of any astronaut. Young became a forthright voice for astronaut safety. The two spent nearly three days in space, completing 43 orbits of Earth. Additionally, he assisted the Center Director in providing advice and counsel on engineering, operational, and safety matters related to the Space Station, Shuttle upgrades, and advanced human Space Exploration Programs, back to the Moon and on to Mars. He retired at the end of 2004. He continues to advocate the development of the technologies that will allow us to live and work on the Moon and Mars.

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