Published: Sat, January 06, 2018
Medicine | By Daryl Nelson

Cancer death rate down 26 percent since 1991

Cancer death rate down 26 percent since 1991

Rates of lung cancer, female breast cancer, prostate and colorectal cancer have all declined, according to the report.

The cancer death rate in the USA has dropped 26 percent since 1991.

There was a 52 percent drop in prostate cancer deaths between 1993 and 2015, the latest numbers available. Ahmedin Jemal, the gathering's VP for reconnaissance and wellbeing administrations inquire about, said the declines to a great extent reflect lessened smoking and advances in counteractive action, early identification and treatment. While the diminishment in cigarette smoking has pushed down death rates, "tobacco stays by a long shot the main source of malignancy passings today, in charge of nearly 3 of every 10 tumor passings".

New cancer cases are still predicted to affect more than 1.7 million people in 2018, but as smoking falls out of fashion and detection and treatment technologies improve, the USA can expect to see survival rates continue to improve.

The cancer death rate dropped 1.7% from 2014 to 2015, continuing a drop that began in 1991 and has reached 26%, resulting in almost 2.4 million fewer cancer deaths during that time. "A decline in consumption of cigarettes is credited with being the most important factor in the drop in cancer death rates".

For the report, researchers analyzed mortality data collected by the National Center for Health Statistics and incidence rates from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program, the National Program of Cancer Registries and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries. After cancer, heart disease is the second major cause of death in individuals.

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According to the report, men a slightly more likely to develop a form - most commonly, prostate, lung and colorectal - of cancer than women.

The lifetime probability of being diagnosed with cancer is 39.7 percent for men compared with 37.6 for women. The cancer death rate was 14% higher in non-Hispanic blacks than non-Hispanic whites; the racial disparity was larger for those aged 65 years (death rate ratio, 1.31) than those aged ≥65 years (death rate ratio, 1.07).

The most recent rate represents a 26 percent decline from the peak of cancer mortality in 1991.

Among Americans more youthful than 65, the death rate was just about a third higher among blacks than whites - with considerably bigger variations in many states.

In 13 states, the death rates were not statistically significantly different between whites and blacks.

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