Published: Sun, October 08, 2017
Global Media | By Garry Long

Organization working to abolish nuclear weapons awarded Nobel Peace Prize

Organization working to abolish nuclear weapons awarded Nobel Peace Prize

He was a leader of the Manhattan Project, the American lab that produced nuclear weapons, and TIME called him "the world's foremost nuclear physicist" in 1945, while his New York Times obituary described him as "an architect of the atomic age".

"This year's Peace Prize is also a call upon these states to initiate serious negotiations with a view to the gradual, balanced and carefully monitored elimination of the nearly 15,000 nuclear weapons in the world", said Reiss-Andersen. North Korea's foreign minister said last month that the regime's possible next steps include testing a hydrogen bomb over the Pacific Ocean.

"One of the flaws with the treaty is that it doesn't address the reasons that states have nuclear weapons in the first place".

"Since the end of the Cold War, NATO allies have dramatically reduced the number of their nuclear weapons", he said.

At the same time, Russian Federation and the United States are modernising their already sizable missile programmes.

"It was really hard to believe it at first, so we were a little anxious it was a prank", she said. We have seen nuclear deterrence and tension between countries like India and Pakistan. "We should not base our security on whether or not his finger is on the trigger", she said. But Helfand is hopeful it will energize the broader anti-nuclear campaign.

"Keeping nuclear weapons legal isn't going to help things", she said.

Russian Federation and China are equally opposed to the efforts to ban nuclear weapons through an global treaty. The United States and others boycotted the U.N. discussions that led to the treaty.

Trump has also threatened "to destroy North Korea" if necessary after its leader Kim Jong-un said that nothing could stop his country from acquiring ballistic missiles with the capability of carrying nuclear warheads. "If ever there were a moment for nations to declare their unequivocal opposition to nuclear weapons, that moment is now".

The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons was agreed on by 122 countries at United Nations headquarters July 7.

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Edwards says an "all-out nuclear war" would bring global starvation as the resulting smoke would block the sunlight in what's known as a "nuclear winter" for several years.

The award, he added, could create a "new stigma" around nuclear arms, similar to the stigma attached to biological and chemical weapons.

The treaty to ban nuclear weapons is no instant panacea.

"It is a tribute to the survivors of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki - the hibakusha - and victims of nuclear test explosions around the world", ICAN said in a statement issued after the Norwegian Nobel Committee announced its decision to award the prize to the organization.

Former Secretaries of State George Shultz and Henry Kissinger, former Defense Secretary William Perry and former Sen.

At a maximum, it provides and it is meant to provide a framework for global nuclear disarmament. "They have not lived up to the spirit of their agreement", he said.

At a meeting of the First Committee - the United Nations panel tasked with handling disarmament issues - North Korean Ambassador Ja Song Nam suggested that Pyongyang "agrees with the primary focus" of the nuclear weapons ban treaty but can not accede to it because of Washington's "nuclear threat and blackmail".

"People are anxious. They correctly feel closer to nuclear war than at any time in decades", said Joseph Cirincione, president of the San Francisco-based Ploughshares Fund, which has provided support to ICAN in the past. "It took us all by surprise".

"Is this going to lead to a settlement of the North Korean nuclear crisis?"

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